Destination in brief
Greenland geographically belongs to North America, but politically it belongs to Denmark.
Size: 2.166 million km² (836,300 mi²) - Greenland is the largest island on Earth - 84% is covered with ice - Greenland can be called the roughest natural area of the earth.
Population (in 2020): 56,355 - 80% of the population lives in cities. 83% are indigenous Inuit, 11% Danes and other Europeans
Capital city: Nuuk
Languages: West Greenlandic is the official language and all school children learn in addition Danish and English.
Since 1979, Greenland has enjoyed a wide range of autonomy, ie it is completely independent in domestic politics. Denmark conducts its foreign policy. However, since 1985, Greenland has ceased to be a member of the European Union.
Currency: Danish Krone (DKK)
Average net monthly salary (in 2020): 3000 USD
What can you see and do there? Hiking to the ice fjord, boat trip to the ice fjord (during the day), boat trip to the ice fjord (evening), whale watching between the icebergs, walking tour over the ice fjord, tundra and wilderness: muskrat tour, visit Russel Glacier, visit Russel Glacier, hike to Garnet Rock, walking tour over ice fields and fjord
350 km north of the Arctic Circle, near a small town, is the 40-kilometer-long Kangia Fjord, which provides the sea exit to the largest glacier in the Northern Hemisphere. Kangia Fjord is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Ilulissat Ice Fjord is one of the world's most active calving glaciers, is a UNESCO World Natural Heritage List site.
The optimal timing of travel to Greenland depends very much on what you want to experience. Most people come to Greenland in the summer when it is warmest (average 8 degrees). In summer you can watch whales and experience the midnight sun. No snow, but plenty of opportunities for hiking in the mountains and along the fjord. In winter (down to minus 20 degrees), you can go on a dog-led ride and see the amazing northern lights. The days are short, and everything is covered in snow. The boat trips among the icebergs are possible all year round, as the sea rarely freezes.